Introduction to PhilosophyNotesThis is not a substitute for coming to class Richard Lee
Philosophy 2003 C 001Copyright © 1999, Richard Lee Spring 1999

Freedom and Determinism:
Some Initial Definitions

Event = whatever happens (takes place)

Event x is causally determined = given what preceded x, x had to occur.

Or, equivalently,

Event x is causally determined = it is causally necessary that (if the events which preceded x occurred, x occurred).

Determinism = all events are causally determined.

Richard Lee,, last modified: 14 April 1999