Study Guide: EXAM 1 (Summer 2007)

Format: 20 multiple choice questions, 4 short answer questions, 2 "essay questions."


Short Answer Questions (1 paragraph)

1. List and briefly discuss the 3 characteristics common to most definitions of romantic relationships.

2. Define Lee’s concept of love styles. Identify and describe the three primary love styles.

3. Discuss and evaluate the four proposed origins of love (e.g., love as personality inadequacy, personality adequacy, etc.). What are the advantages and disadvantages of each approach, and in what circumstances might they be applicable?

4. Based on the readings and lecture thus far, how would you define the construct of romantic love?

5. Provide a brief description of Sternberg's Triangular theory of love. Be sure to include definitions of the three components that he identifies?

6. Compare Lee's three primary love styles with Sternberg's eight types of loving experiences- which are most similar.

7. List and briefly describe the seven stages of passionate love described in Stendhal's theory. Identify the core elements of this theory.

8. Describe the concepts of schemas and scripts as they relate to Sternberg's narrative approach to love.

9. Describe how the components discussed in the Triangular theory of love typically develop and evolve over time.

10. Describe Dutton and Aron's (1974) Bridge experiment. What did they do? What did they find? What are the implications of these findings for understanding cognitive processes in attraction and love?

11. Discuss five normative aspects of the infant attachment system (i.e., five aspects common to all infants/toddlers).

12. Bowlby discusses two aspects of the child's response to loss or separation. Describe each.

13. Define and describe the three components of the infant attachment system.

14. Discuss Ainsworth's "Strange Situation" experiment. What are the three attachment styles that she identifies and how are they linked to caregiver behavior?

15. Define and describe the three behavioral systems that operate in adult romantic relationships according to attachment theory.

16. Discuss gender differences involved in 'resource display' for the purpose of attracting a mate. What is the evolutionary basis for these differences (i.e., why do they occur from an evolutionary perspective)?

17. Discuss the five components involved in social exchange theory. What leads to the decision to leave a relationship according to this approach.

18. Define passionate love and discuss two cognitive biases that typically are involved in passionate love.

19. Discuss the seven goals/tasks of romantic relationships according to evolutionary theory.


20. Define the construct of attribution and discuss its role in romantic love.




21. Describe recent research on the consequences of insecure attachments.


Essays: (2-3 paragraphs)

1. Compare and contrast the various theories of passionate love that we have discussed. What elements appear to be common to definitions of passionate love? How is passionate love evidenced in Sternberg and Lee's theories?

2. Discuss how infant attachment translates into adult romantic attachments. Identify the elements of the attachment behavioral system and discuss how these change for adults versus infants. Also describe individual differences in adult romantic attachments (i.e., what are the characteristics of the adult attachment styles?).

3. Describe Hatfield's two-factor theory of passionate love. Discuss the empirical support for this theory.

4. Define and discuss the five major components of the social-exchange model of relationship development.

5. Throughout this course we have been discussing the role of cognitive processes in love and relationship behaviors. Discuss specific cognitive processes or biases that operate in relationships and the influence that these processes may have on the relationship.

6. Compare and contrast descriptive/taxonomic theories of love (e.g., Sternberg's Triangular theory, Lee's love styles). Identify commonalities and differences across these approaches.

7. Discuss the seven goals of the evolutionary theory of love. How are they accomplished and what are the gender differences associated with each?

Definitions: These will show up in the multiple choice questions.

1. Companionate Love

2. Passionate Love

3. Behavioral Interdependence

4. Eros

5. Storge

6. Ludus

7. Intimacy

8. Passion

9. Decision/Commitment

10. Fatuous Love

11. Misattribution

12. Excitation Transfer

13. Internal Working Model

14. Schema/Script

15. Behavioral Systems

16. Egocentric Bias

17. Love acts

18. Investments

19. Comparison level for alternatives

20. Crystallization

21. Entrapment

22. Intrasexual Competition

23. Fidelity

24. Attribution

25. Idealization

Note: Be sure to complete the assigned reading prior to the exam with the expectation that you will be held accountable for the content therein. Completing this study should greatly facilitate your successful performance on the exam and is intended to provide you with appropriate material to review.