PLASMONIC NANO-OPTICS



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Background

Plasmons can be thought of as waves of electrons in a metal surface. More specifically, plasmons are charge density oscillations in a metal or other conductive materials. A light incident on a metal surface can generate plasmons similar to how wind incident on water can generate waves. Light can create plasmons, and the oscillating charges of plasmons can also generate light. The plasmonic-optical interactions give rise to interesting physics at the nanoscale. See also: What is a Plasmon?

Nano-optics or nanophotonics is the study of light on the nanoscale. Typically visible light is limited by the diffraction limit and cannot be focused down to sizes smaller that about half the wavelength of visible light, less than hundreds of nanometers. Nano-optics deals with ways to overcome this diffraction limit in order to manipulate light at scales that are smaller than 100 nm. Plasmonics is one area of nano-optics. Plasmonic nanostructures can focus light to regions that can be less than 10 nm! Additionally, focusing light to such a small, highly-localized volume also generate extremely large optical enhancements in this nanoscale region. These enhancements can be used for applications including single molecule detectors [1], enhanced spectroscopies [2], cancer treatment [3], and more efficient solar cells [4].

See here for description of current Research Projects and Areas.

Interested in joining the group? How to join my Research Group.

News

January 12, 2015 - Classes Begin - Welcome back students!


PHYS building 2015


January 1, 2015 - Herzog Group abstracts accepted for 2015 APS March Meeting. - Come see our latest results at the APS March Meeting in San Antonio. View the Scientific Program for full details:
+ Jonathan Mishler Mon Mar 2, 8:36 AM. Session A4, Mayor Cockrell Room 004
-- Biomimetic Photonic Crystals based on Diatom Algae Frustules
+ Desalegn Debu Mon Mar 2, 9:36 AM. Session A6, Room: 006A
-- Investigation of nanogap localized field enhancement in gold plasmonic structures
+ Cameron Saylor Mon Mar 2, 10:12 AM. Session A4, Mayor Cockrell Room 004
-- Investigation of Nanowire Thickness and Enhancement Characteristics
+ Eric Novak Mon Mar 2, 4:42 PM. Session D4, Mayor Cockrell Room 004
-- Computational Electromagnetic Modeling of Optical Responses in Plasmonically Enhanced ...
+ David French Thurs Mar 5, 9:00 AM. Session S35, Room 210B
-- Dark-field Spectroscopy of Plasmonic Nanodevices with Nanometer Scale Features

December 12, 2014 - Avery's article has been published. - Avery's work modeling the plasmonic properties of photodetectors has been accepted for publication and is now available online. Congrats on his hard work and the work of our collaborators Ahmad and Dr. Manasreh.

November 24, 2014 - Jonathan Mishler awarded SURF Award - Jonathan Mishler has been chosen as a recipient of the Student Undergraduate Reserach Fellowship (SURF) program for Spring 2015 on his work studying the optical properties of Diatoms. The SURF program is funded by the Arkansas Department of Higher Education.

November 20, 2014 - Dr. Herzog awarded Collaborative Research Grant - In collaboration with Dr. Alverson in Biological Sciences, Dr. Herzog was awarded the Collaborative Research Grant. The title of the project is Biomimetic Photonic Crystals based on the Silicon Cell Walls of Diatom Algae. Thanks to senior undergraduate, Jon Mishler, for all of his hard work on this project.





Contact Information

Principal Investigator
Joseph B. Herzog, PhD

Physics website

Office: PHYS 237
Office Phone: 5-4217
Lab Phone: 5-2007
Email: jbherzog uark.edu
Lab: PHYS 245






Figure 1. Computational electromagnetic model of plasmonic nanogap array. Large optical enhancement can be seen at the nanoscale gap.





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