education

professional experience

EXECTIVE SUMMARY

Dr. Zou is a Professor of Mechanical Engineering at the University of Arkansas (UA) and holds a 21st Century Professorship in Mechanical Engineering. She received her Ph.D. in Mechanical Engineering from Georgia Institute of Technology and has 26 years engineering experiences in academia, traditional and high tech industries. Dr. Zou’s research has lead to 76 peer-reviewed publications, 77 conference presentations, 2 book chapters, 2 patents and 3 pending patents. Her research has been recognized by many awards, including the Al Sonntag Award (2013) and the Walter D. Hodson Award (2001) from the Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers (STLE), the best poster award (2013) from the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), the Best Paper Awards (2007 and 2008) from the the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME), the CAREER Award (2007) from the National Science Foundation (NSF), the Ralph E. Powe Junior Faculty Enhancement Award (2005) from the Oakridge Associated Universities (ORAU), and the Science and Technology Advancement Award from the Ministry of Aeronautics and Aerospace of P. R. China (1993). Dr. Zou served as an editorial board member for four journals and as a reviewer for 48 journals and many US and international funding agencies. She served in the STLE and the ASME at various capacities, organized numerous technical sessions and a Nanotribology Workshop at the STLE Annual Meetings. She was the STLE Surface Engineering Technical Committee Chair, the Nanotribology Technical Committee Chair, the STLE Award Committee Chair, and currently serves as the STLE Annual Meeting Program Committee (AMPC) member and the ASME Tribology Division Executive Committee Chair. Dr. Zou directs the Nano Mechanics and Tribology Laboratory (NMTL) at the UA. Her current research interests are in the areas of nano-surface-engineering, nanotribology, and nanomechanics. Her lab has developed a variety of nano-engineered surfaces (NESs) – surfaces engineered with nanoscale topographies and/or chemistries, to reduce friction and wear in tribological applications, to change surface wetting properties for anti-fogging and self-cleaning in a variety of applications, including application on solar panels, and to facilitate cell adhesion or provide antimicrobial property in biomedical applications. Prior to joining the Department of Mechanical Engineering at the UA in Fall 2003, Dr. Zou was a Staff engineer at Seagate Technology, where she contributed significantly to the cutting edge computer hard drive head-disk interface tribology technology development. Dr. Zou’s doctoral research in the area of real-time monitoring and control of contact between the mechanical seal faces has won the STLE Walter D. Hodson Award.

professional activities

honors and awards

Research interests

research

Dr. Zou's current research interests are in the area of nano-surface-engineering for tribological and biomedical applications, with emphasis on fabrication and nanomechanical and tribological characterization.

Prior to joining the Department of Mechanical Engineering at University of Arkansas in Fall 2003, Dr. Zou was a Staff engineer at Seagate Technology.  At Seagate Technology, she has been focusing on cutting edge computer hard drive head-disk interface mechanical research and development with the emphasis on tribology.  Her research involved head-disk dynamic monitoring, sensing, contact detection at nano scale, and force and surface characterization of small and miniaturized structures.

Dr. Zou's doctoral research was in the area of dynamics and control which applied to a non-contacting mechanical face seal.  Specifically, her research was on the diagnostic and control of the contact between mechanical seal faces.  In this research, she performed parametric analysis and dynamic simulation of a mechanical face seal, designed and implemented a novel diagnostic and control system to detect and control contact between the seal faces.

selected publications

Invited Book Chapters

  1. Zou, M. and Wang, H. (2013). Mechanical Properties and Deformation Behavior of Ni Nanodot-Patterned Surfaces. In S. K. Sinha,  N. Satyanarayana, and S. C. Lim (Eds.), Nano-tribology and Materials in MEMS (pp. 111-145). Berlin, Springer.

  2. Zou, M. (2011). Effects of Micro- and Nanoscale Texturing on Surface Adhesion and Friction. In Y.-H. Chung (Ed), Micro- and Nanoscale Phenomena in Tribology(pp. 103-151). Boca Raton, FL.: CRC Press.

Refereed Journal Publications (* denotes corresponding authors)

  1. Thompson, C. and Zou, M.*, “Polyvinylpyrrolidone Adhesion Layer for Increased Uniformity and Optical Transmittance of Silica Nanoparticle Antireflective Coatings,” Journal of Adhesion Science and Technology, Vol. 29, No. 10, pp. 943-953, 2015.

  2. Beckford, S., Cai, J., Chen, J., and Zou, M.*, “Use of Au Nanoparticle-Filled PTFE Films to Produce Low-Friction and Low-Wear Surface Coatings,” Tribology Letters, Vol. 56, pp. 223-230, 2014.

  3. Mohanty, B., Morton, B., Alagoz, A.S., Karabacak, K., and Zou, M.*, “Frictional Anisotropy of Tilted Molybdenum Nanorods Fabricated by Glancing Angle Deposition,” Tribology International, Vol. 80, pp. 216–221, 2014.

  4. Beckford, S. and Zou, M.*, “Wear Resistant PTFE Thin Film Enabled by a Polydopamine Adhesive Layer,” Applied Surface Science, (2014), Vol. 292, pp. 350–356.

  5. Morehead, J. and Zou, M.*, “Superhydrophilic Surface on Cu Substrate to Enhance Lubricant Retention,” Superhydrophilic Surfaces: Special Issue of the Journal of Adhesion Science and Technology (JAST), Vol. 28, pp. 833-842, 2014. (Invited paper)

  6. Fleming, R. and Zou, M.*, “Fabrication of Stable Superhydrophilic Surfaces on Titanium Substrates,” Superhydrophilic Surfaces: Special Issue of the Journal of Adhesion Science and Technology (JAST), Vol. 28, pp. 823-832, 2014. (Invited paper)

  7. Fleming, R.A. and Zou, M.*, “Silica Nanoparticle-based Films on Titanium Substrates with Long-term Superhydrophilic and Superhydrophobic Stability,”Applied Surface Science, Vol. 280, pp. 820– 827, 2013.

  8. Thompson, C.S., Fleming, R.A., and Zou, M.*, “Transparent Self-cleaning and Antifogging Silica Nanoparticle Films,” Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, Vol. 115, pp. 108-113, 2013.

  9. Osborn, L* and Zou, M., “Enhanced Tribological Properties of Surfaces Patterned with SU8/DLC Microstructures,” Inquiry, Vol. 15, pp. 69-86, 2013.

  10. Thompson, C.S.*, Fleming, R.A., and Zou, M., “Extreme Surface Wetting for Solar Panel Applications,” Advancing Microelectronics, Volume 39, No. 6, Solar Packaging, pp. 12-15, 2012 (Invited paper).

  11. Zou, M.*, Arguelles, A., and Wang, Y.A., “Tribological Properties of Quantum Dot/PMMA Nanocomposite Films,” World Journal of Engineering, Vol.8 Supplement 1, 2011, ICCE-19 detailed short papers, pp. 1373-1374.

  12. Beckford, S., Wang, A. Y., and Zou, M.*, “Wear Resistant PTFE/SiO2 Nanoparticle Composite Films,” Tribology Transactions, Vol. 49, No. 01, pp. 66 – 71, 2011. (Best Paper Award, STLE)

  13. Tidwell, W., Scott, D., Wang, H., Fleming, R.A., and Zou, M.*, “Nanoindentation Study of Deformation-Resistant Al/a-Si Core-Shell Nanostructures,” Acta Materialia, Vol. 59, pp. 6110–6116, 2011.

  14. Beckford S. and Zou, M.*, “Micro/Nano Engineering on Stainless Steel substrates to Produce Superhydrophobic Surfaces,” Thin Solid Films, Vol. 520, No. 5, pp. 1520-1524, 2011.

  15. Beckford, S., Langston, N., Zou, M.*, and Wei, R. “Fabrication of durable hydrophobic surfaces through surface texturing,” Applied Surface Science, Vol. 257, pp. 5688–5693, 2011.

  16. Morton, B., Wang, H., Fleming, R., Zou, M.*, “Nanoscale Surface Engineering with Deformation-resistant Core-shell Nanostructures,” Tribology Letters, Vol. 42, No. 1, pp 51-58, 2011.

  17. Zou, M.*, Beckford, S., Wei, R., Ellis, C., Hatton, G., Miller, M.A., “Effects of surface roughness and energy on ice adhesion strength,” Applied Surface Science, Vol. 257, No. 8, pp. 3786-3792, 2011.

  18. Wang, H., Zou, M.*, Jackson, R.L., Larson, P.R., and Johnson, M.B., “Nanoindentation modeling of a nanodot-patterned surface on a deformable substrate,” International Journal of Solids and Structures, Vol. 47, pp. 3203-3213,2010.

  19. Song, Y., Premachandran Nair, R., Zou, M.*, and Wang, Y.A., “Adhesion and Friction Properties of Micro/nano-engineered Superhydrophobic/Hydrophobic Surfaces,” Thin Solid Films, Vol. 518, pp. 3801–3807, 2010.

  20. Ni, Z., Bu, H., Zou, M., Yi, H., Bi, K., and Chen, Y.*, “Anisotropic mechanical properties of graphene sheets from molecular dynamics,” Physica B: Condensed Matter, Vol. 405, No. 5, pp.1301-1306, 2010.

  21. Song, Y., Premachandran Nair, R., Zou, M.*, and Wang, Y.A., “Superhydrophobic Surfaces Produced by Applying a Self-Assembled Monolayer to Silicon Micro/Nano-Textured Surfaces,” Nano Research, Vol. 2, No. 2, pp. 143-150,2009.

  22. Wang, H., Zou, M.*, and Wei, R., “Superhydrophilic Textured-surfaces on Stainless Steel Substrates,” Thin Solid Films, Vol. 518, pp.1571-1574, 2009.

  23. Bu, H., Chen, Y.*, Zou, M., Yi, H., Bi, K., and Ni, Z., “Atomistic simulations of mechanical properties of graphene nanoribbons,” Physics Letters A, Vol. 373, No. 37, pp.3359-3362, 2009.

  24. Kollias, K., Wang, H., Song, Y., and Zou, M.*, “Production of a Superhydrophilic Surface by Aluminum-induced Crystallization of Amorphous Silicon,”Nanotechnology, Vol. 19, pp. 465304-465309, 2008.

  25. Premachandran Nair, R. and Zou, M.*, “Surface-nano-texturing by Aluminum-induced Crystallization of Amorphous Silicon,” Surface Coatings and Technology, Vol. 203, pp. 675-679, 2008(Invited Paper)

  26. Wang, H., Kim, J.-H., Zou, M.*, Tung, S., and Kim, J.-W., “Adhesion Study of Escherichia coli Cells on Nano-/Micro-textured Surfaces in a Microfluidic System,”IEEE Transactions on Nanotechnology, Vol. 7, No. 5, pp. 573-579, 2008.

  27. Wang, H., Zou, M.*, Larson, P.R., Sanchez, E.S., Hobbs, K.L., Curtis, M.E., Johnson, M.B., and Awitor, O. K., “Nanomechanical properties of a Ni nanodot-patterned surface,” Nanotechnology, Vol. 19, pp. 295708-295716, 2008.

  28. Zou, M.*, “New Research Directions of Aluminum-Induced Crystallization of Amorphous Silicon,” World Journal of Engineering, Vol.5 Supplement 2008, ICCE-15 detailed short papers, pp. 1185-1186.

  29. Song, Y. and Zou, M.*, “Superhydrophobic Surfaces by Dynamic Nanomasking and Deep Reactive Ion Etching,” Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part N, Journal of Nanoengineering and Nanosystems, Vol. 221, No. 2, pp. 41-48, 2007.

  30. Wang, H., Premachandran Nair, R., Zou, M.*, Larson, P.R., Pollack, A. L., Hobbs, K.L., Johnson, M.B., and Awitor, O. K., “Friction Study of a Ni Nanodot-patterned Surface,” Tribology Letters, Vol. 28, No. 2, pp. 183 – 189, 2007.

  31. Wang, H. and Zou, M.*, “Amorphous Silicon Thickness Effect on Formation of Silicon Nanostructures by Aluminum-induced Crystallization of Amorphous Silicon,” Electrochemical and Solid-State Letters, Vol. 10, No. 8, pp. H224-226,2007.

  32. Zou, M.*, Dorey, S., Cai, D., Song, Y., Nair, R., Cai, L., and Brown, W., “Self Assembly of Si Nanoparticles Produced by Aluminum-induced Crystallization of Amorphous Silicon Film,” Electrochemical and Solid-State Letters, Vol. 10, No. 2, pp. K7-K9, 2007. (paper selected for Virtual Journal of Nanoscale Science & Technology)

  33. Cai, L.*, Zou, M., Abu-Safe, H., Naseem H., and Brown, W., “Understanding the Effects of Stress on the Crystallization of Amorphous Silicon,” Journal of Electronic Materials, Vol. 36, No. 3, pp. 191 – 196, 2007.

  34. Zou, M.*, Seale, W., and Wang, H., “Comparison of Tribological Performances of Nano- and Micro-textured Surfaces,” Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part N, Journal of Nanoengineering and Nanosystems, Vol. 219, No. 3, pp. 103-110, 2006(Invited Paper)

  35. Zou, M.*, and Yang, D., “Nanoindentation of Silica Nanoparticles Attached to a Silicon Substrate,” Tribology Letters, Vol. 22, No. 2, pp. 189-196, 2006.

  36. Zou, M.*, Cai, L., and Dorey, S., “Self-assembly of Aluminum-Induced Silicon Nanowires,” Electrochemical and Solid-State Letters, Vol. 9, No. 4, pp. G133-135,2006. (paper selected for Virtual Journal of Nanoscale Science & Technology)

  37. Zou, M.*, Cai, L., and Wang, H., “Adhesion and Friction Studies of a Nano-textured Surface Produced by Spin Coating of Colloidal Silica Nanoparticle Solution,” Tribology Letters, Vol. 21, No. 1, pp. 25-30, 2006.

  38. Zou, M.*, Cai, L., and Yang, D., “Nanotribology of Silica Nanoparticle-textured Surfaces,” STLE Tribology Transactions, Vol. 49, No. 1, pp. 66-71, 2006.

  39. Zou, M.*, Cai, L., Wang, H., and Brown, W., “Nano-Aluminum-Induced Crystallization of Amorphous Silicon,” Materials Letters, Vol. 60, No. 11, pp. 1379-1382, 2006.

  40. Zou, M.*, Cai, L., Wang, H., and Xu, J., “Silicon Nanowires by Aluminum-Induced Crystallization of Amorphous Silicon,” Electrochemical and Solid-State Letters, Vol. 9, No. 2, pp. G31-G33, 2006.

  41. Zou, M.*, Wang, H., Larson, P.R., Hobbs, K.L., Johnson, M.B., and Awitor, O. K., “Ni Nanodot-patterned Surfaces for Adhesion and Friction Reduction,” Tribology Letters, Vol. 24, No. 2, pp. 137-142, 2006.

  42. Zou, M.*, Cai, L., Wang, H., Yang, D., and Wyrobek, T., “Adhesion and Friction Studies of a Selectively Micro/nano-textured Surface Produced by UV Assisted Crystallization of Amorphous Silicon,” Tribology Letters, Vol. 20, No. 1, pp. 43 – 52, 2005.

  43. Cai, L.*, Wang, H., Brown, W., and Zou, M., “Large Grain Polycrystalline Silicon Film Produced by Nano-Aluminum-Enhanced Crystallization of Amorphous Silicon,” Electrochemical and Solid-State Letters, Vol. 8, No. 7, pp. G179-181,2005.

  44. Zou, M.*, Cai, L., and Brown, W., “Nano-Aluminum-Induced Low Temperature Crystallization of Amorphous Silicon,” Electrochemical and Solid-State Letters, Vol. 8, No. 5, pp. G103-105, 2005.

  45. Dayan, J., Zou, M., and Green, I.*, “Contact Elimination in Mechanical Face Seals Using Active Control,” IEEE Transactions on Control Systems Technology, Vol. 10, No. 3, pp. 344-354, 2002.

  46. Zou, M., Dayan, J., and Green, I.*, “Feasibility of Contact Elimination of a Mechanical Face Seal through Clearance Adjustment,” ASME Transactions, Journal of Engineering for Gas Turbines and Power, Vol. 122, No. 3, pp. 478-484,2000.

  47. Zou, M., Dayan, J., and Green, I.*, “Dynamic Simulation and Monitoring of a Non-contacting Flexibly Mounted Rotor Mechanical Face Seal,” Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part C: Journal of Mechanical Engineering Science, Vol. 214, No. 9, pp. 1195-1206, 2000.

  48. Dayan, J., Zou, M., and Green, I.*, “Sensitivity Analysis for the Design and Operation of a Noncontacting Mechanical Face Seal,” Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part C: Journal of Mechanical Engineering Science, Vol. 214, No. 9, pp. 1207-1218, 2000.

  49. Zou, M., and Green, I.*, “Clearance Control of a Mechanical Face Seal,” STLE Tribology Transactions, Vol. 42, No. 3, pp. 535-540, 1999(Best Paper Award, STLE)

  50. Cai, L., Rohatgi, A.*, Han, S., May, G., and Zou, M., “Investigation of the Properties of Plasma-enhanced Chemical Vapor Deposited Silicon Nitride and Its Effect on Silicon Surface Passivation,” Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 83, No. 11 pt 1, pp. 5885-5889, 1998.